What is k12?

Republic Act No. 10533 or the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013 (K+12) aims to make up for the shortcomings of the Philippines 10 year basic education cycle by adding three more years in the curriculum.
Enrollment in kindergarten is now compulsory. Grades 11 and 12 are added to high school education. The reform is aimed to better prepare our graduates making them highly competitive in the labor market. Mother tongue will be used as medium of instruction in grades 1 to 3. This is based on the assumption that using one’s lingua franca would allow a student to process ideas more easily. Still, English and Filipino subjects will be taught starting grade 1.
Subjects will be taught starting from simple concepts to more complex ones using the spiral progression approach. Before the implementation of K-12, high schools Sophomores study Biology, Juniors study Chemistry and Seniors study Physics. With K-12, these subjects will be integrated and connected to each other. As one DepEd official puts it, they will be literally tearing the textbooks apart. Then they will combine the basic concepts in these three sciences for the sophomores. Next, juniors will study the more complex concepts and so on.
I believe that the law will have minimal implications on TESDA or Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programs since they will continue their operations. People who have not finished elementary or high school may continue to enroll on techvoc programs offered by TESDA. This will provide people who have not attended formal schooling the skills they need to earn a living.
CHED programs are now being revised. Some subjects are being removed shortening the General Education Curriculum or GEC from the previous two years to one year. After taking the GE subjects, students may pursue their major subjects for a minimum of two years or more depending on their course.
The government offsets problems in reduction of enrollment by creating tie ups with universities and colleges. CHED will provide the needed facilities and teaching force that will be needed by students in senior high school.
Subjects in Math, Science and Language will be strengthened in Grades 11 and 12 and students will undergo assessment tests that will guide them in choosing their specializations.
References:
TJ Burgonio
Philippine Daily Inquirer
http://www.deped.gov.ph/index.php/news-updates/updates/92-philippines-on-track-for-k-to-12-reform-and-zero-backlog-in-2013

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