MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS (Principle of Need Gratification)

Like Maslow, I believe that needs in the lower hierarchy of the pyramid must be met first before the higher ones. Teachers must create a classroom environment that will meet these needs.
1. Physiological needs – must be met first. A hungry stomach will not provide the needed energy the brain needs to function. Even DepEd accepts this as true. They implement feeding programs in public schools to meet this particular need of students. When I was still teaching, I allowed students to nibble a few snacks as long as they don’t lose focus on our discussion or distract their seatmates. I believe that students must from time to time take in carbohydrate that will fuel their brains.
2. Safety needs – I think this is one of the problems of schools in Mindanao. Students are distracted whenever there are threats of attacks from rebel groups. News about kidnapping of teachers discourages some professionals from serving their community.
As teachers, most of us notice how distracted our students are when there are heavy rains. Students lose focus in their studies because they are concerned about their safety on their way home. Even teachers anxiously wait for news on suspension of classes.
Humanists propose that schools must be physically, psychologically and emotionally non-threatening.
3. Belongingness and love needs – I am more inspired to attend classes handled by teachers who are approachable and friendly. They make me believe that I am welcome in their class and that I may express my ideas freely. School life has given me a lot of happy memories about friendships. This is one reason why I have always wanted to go back to school. School is not only a place where one builds the mind. Next to our home, school is a place where one finds solace for the heart through teachers, friends and peers.
Ooopppsss!!! IT’S TIME FOR ME TO PONDER!!!
“Teachers with a heart”
Perhaps one of the most stressful parts of my teaching vocation is meeting delinquent and misbehaving students. Our consultations revealed that most of them were individuals facing domicile problems. Some students misbehave because they seek for their parent’s attention.
My most unforgettable consultation was with a lad who does not speak at all in class. I presumed he was a low achiever but his high scores in our quizzes proved otherwise. Puzzled by his scores and silence, I decided to talk to him but he wouldn’t open up. Later, his classmates and cousins approached me and told his story.
He was with his father in a jeep or “oner” in the province when a group of armed men suddenly ambushed them due to political feuds. He witnessed how his father died. From then on, he spoke less often. He decided to go back to school when he heard about me. His cousins always talked about the jokes I crack every afternoon (I decided to make afternoon classes a “joking hour” since most of us are sleepy at this time of the day).
Though I see him laughing at my jokes, he speaks rarely until my last day in school. Now, I wonder if he was able to find a good job and if I, as his teacher did not exert all means to motivate him so he could return to his normal life.
What should teachers like us do with students like him? Is it enough to be professionals and simply teach lessons in class? Or should we extend extra help and show compassion to them? Persons like him need teachers who will make them feel valued and cared for, encourage them to become achievers and direct them in their pursuit of learning.
4. Esteem needs – I always do my best in everything I do. As a learner, I am motivated to do better when my works are appreciated. Good grades and awards give me a sense of accomplishment.
Ooopppsss!!! IT’S TIME FOR ME TO PONDER!!!
I believe that our teaching job is a venue for “intellectual humility.” Have you ever experienced having teachers who are hard to please? They make themselves appear they are omniscient. Teaching is a vocation. It is a means for us to build a world where we and the students grow together, praise each other and correct each other. Students are people who aim to improve themselves through education. We must boost their self-esteem by making them feel that their accomplishments are valued.
5. Self – actualization – I wanted to go back to school now that my kids have grown up. I convinced my husband by expressing my need for self – actualization. I hope to develop the virtues and skills of a professional teacher through our PTC program.
For me, fulfillment in our course is achieved by developing a deep sense of intellectual maturity and awakening about the real situation of education in our country.

True or False:

Q: According to Maslow, there are no other needs aside from the five needs that he mentioned.

A: FALSE. He added cognitive ( need to know and understand) and aesthetic needs (need for harmony, order and symmetry {hos}) to the 5 basic needs.


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